Authority and Responsibilty

Management consulting is the practice of helping organizations to improve their performance. Organizations may draw upon the services of management consultants for a number of reasons, including gaining external advice and access to consultants’ specialized expertise.

According to Bernand, management consultant authority is the character of a communication {order} in a formal organization. By virtue of this order it is directed what needs to be done and what not needs to be done for the business of the organization by the specific employee to whom the order is directed.

According to Koontz and O’Donnell, the following statement, ”Viewed internally with respect to the enterprise responsibility may be defined as the obligation of the subordinate. This obligation represents the action or the duty which has been assigned to a particular employee. The essence of responsibility is then obligation.”

In fact authority means a formal institutional or a legal power in a particular position which is empowered to issue such orders to perform a power function of functions.

Bernand says that the character of a communication which it is accepted by a contributor of two members of the organization, governing the action he contributed. At the same time Simone, another management consultant explains that the author is the power to make decisions which guides the actions of others or just another. The superior frames such decisions which subordinate accept at the same time these decisions are aligned to the vision of the organization. From the above explanation, we understand that authority needs the right to influence the behavior of others.

Only persons holding authority can make decisions, as it is the main feature of his authority. A manager has the authority to order his subordinates to act or not to act in a particular manner. HE does this because he has already made a decision.

It is also noted that sometimes the exercise of the author may contain an element of the authority may contain an element of subjectivity. Thus a manager has authority to reward or punish his subordinates according to their performance. There’s no doubt assessment is often influenced by his personal likes and dislikes.

There are various theories to explain the sources of authority. These are as follows.

1.       Formal or Traditional or Top – Down Theory

2.       Acceptance or Bottom – Up Theory

3.       Competence or Personal Authority Theory.

1.       Formal Or Top Down Theory – It means the authority flows from rules flow from consents of all stakeholders. The owners on their part select and appoint staff that will help accomplish the task & responsibilities necessary to achieve organizational goals.

2.       Acceptance Theory – Acceptance Theory is the exact opposite of formal theory. According to this theory the manager’s authority will be in direct proportion to the acceptance given to his subordinates. If the subordinates do not accept the authority of the manager, they may not willingly comply with his decisions & orders – they may even defy them.

3.       Competence Theory Of Authority – A person can influence, the behavior of other even if he commands any formal or legal authority. This happens when he enjoys support and confidence of his supports because they see him as personification of their urges & aspirations. They also trust due to various reasons in the untrust of the organisations.

With the help of these theories we can get to know more about how a person behaves in front of his superior whether he follows his superiors he goes against them.

Blog is written By Vikram.

Division of Work

It as Herni Fayol who devised the theory off division of Work as one of the principles of management. henri Fayol contributed significantly as a philosopher of administration. he further contributed widely to the theory of practice of organisational management.

He believed by focusing on managerial practices he could minimize misunderstandings and increase efficiency in organisations. Efficiency is the measureable abiliy to avoid wasting of time and energy in productivity of the organisation.

Scientific management is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes economic efficiency especially that of workforce productivity. Scientific managemnt is sometimes known as Taylorism. Frederick Winsliow Taylor was an American Mechanical Engineer. He was widely known for his methods to improve industrial efficiency. He was one of the first management consultants. In 1911, Taylor summed up his efficiency Technique in his book, ‘ Academy Of Management’, which in 2001, was voted as the most influential management book of the 20th Century.

Let’s understand what’s division of work. Can you remember when you had last visited a restaurant for buying some food? Lets go through the entire process of your order & receiving your food parcel. First you gave the order to the waiter. He noted down the details of your order. Thereafter he went to the kitchen and gave that order to the cooks. the chefs cooked the dishes and placed it on the counter. The counter assistant collected & placed it in a bag to hand it over to you. Another person probably the same waiter collected the bag and also the bill from the cashier. HE then delivered the food packet to you and collected the money for handing it over to the cashier.

From the above example we can easily understand, your order was processed in various steps, till you got its delivery. Thus the theory that was initiated by the French man Henri Fayol in the late 1800s developed the principles of division of labour.

Social Skills: Definition, Examples and Why They’re Important

Social skills are an important component in both a personal and a professional capacity. Having strong social skills can help you excel in your career, perform well when interviewing, help you achieve career goals and expand your professional network. There are many specific skills that fall in the social skills category. In this article, we explore what social skills are, why they’re important and examples of some of the most important interpersonal skills you should possess as a professional.

What are social skills?

Social skills are skills that promote effective communication with others. There are various social skills as well as several different ways in which we communicate on a daily basis. Social skills include written, verbal, nonverbal and visual communication used to relay a message to others. Common ways in which you exercise your social skills are:

  • The language you use
  • The tone, pitch and volume of your voice
  • Physical gestures you make
  • Your facial expressions
  • Your body language
  • Eye contact with others when communicating

Working as a team with other employees, keeping your emotions in check in stressful situations and communicating with clients and team members are some of the situations where social skills need to be applied when working in a professional environment.

Why are social skills important for professionals?

Social skills, also referred to as soft skills or interpersonal skills, are important because they enable you to foster and maintain meaningful relationships with employers, colleagues and network contacts. No matter which industry you work in or the experience level you have, social skills are beneficial to and can elevate your professional career.

A few of the many ways that good social skills can benefit your career include that they:

  • Allow you to effectively work as a team on projects
  • Let you share your own perspective in an effective manner
  • Help you expand your professional network and stay updated on new opportunities
  • Make the workplace more enjoyable
  • Let you gain valuable feedback and referrals from those who can attest to your abilities
  • Enable you to successfully communicate with employers, coworkers and clients

A good example of why social skills are important can be seen in the interview process for a new job. During the hiring process, recruiters and human resource personnel concentrate on understanding you as a person based on how you conduct yourself in the interview. They read your cover letter and resume to understand your ambition and achievements. To understand your personality, they study your body language, listen to how you talk about yourself, the language you use and whether you maintain eye contact.

Examples of important social skills in the workplace

The following are a few of the many important social skills you should possess as a professional:

  • Observation
  • Active listening
  • Conflict resolution
  • Empathy
  • Written and verbal communication
  • Mirroring
  • Cooperation
  • Relationship management

Observation

The ability to observe serves you well in a professional setting. Though it comes naturally to some and is closely associated with people who are slightly introverted, anyone can develop this trait by trying to pay attention to what is going on in the lives of people around them, in both educational and professional environments.

Detaching yourself from your surroundings while observing how others behave in given situations can help you understand complex concepts such as group dynamics, group mentality, relationships between others, non-verbal communication and a general understanding of colleagues and their personalities.

Active listening

Active listening is the ability to pay attention to a person when they are communicating with you without interrupting or losing focus. Active listeners are able to pay close attention to others when they speak, as well as show respect for what the other person is saying. You can improve your active listening skills by avoiding distractions while communicating, focusing only on the speaker and demonstrating that you understand what the other person is saying through your body language and by expressing your concern or appreciation.

Conflict resolution

Conflict resolution is your ability to see a problem for what it is and devise a workable solution to solve it. For example, if there is a misunderstanding between two coworkers and they come to you for help, you should focus on the root cause of the issue and then work to solve this problem rather than get involved in the arguing. People with good conflict resolution skills often excel in positions in human resources or in customer service roles.

Empathy

Closely connected to observation skills is the ability to empathise with people and situations. Empathy is the ability to identify and understand how another person is feeling in any given situation. Phrases associated with expressing empathy include: ‘I understand what you are going through’, ‘I am sorry to hear that you feel this way’ or ‘I am sorry that this happened to you’. Expressing empathy requires a conscious effort and careful consideration of others’ feelings. Good empathy skills can result in better relationships in the workplace.

Written and verbal communication

Verbal and written communication are two important components of effective social skills. When you write or verbally communicate, you are expressing yourself to another person. It’s important to use clear language, as well as proper spelling and grammar, when communicating to ensure an effective portrayal of what you want to say.

Mirroring

Mirroring is a very useful skill for those whose jobs involve having to deal with people on a regular basis, such as in sales, healthcare and client relations. Mirroring is the act of copying the body language and emotions of the person you are talking to in order to make them feel comfortable and understood. It can also help build rapport and foster an agreement with the other person. Mirroring is especially useful in sales positions, as it can help both parties reach common ground and a mutual agreement.

Cooperation

Cooperation is another essential social skill in the workplace. It is the ability to work well with others towards a common goal. This social skill is especially important for those who work as part of a team on projects in the workplace.

Relationship management

Relationship management is your ability to foster, grow and maintain relationships. This social skill is especially important in customer service and other positions that require you to work directly with clients. Additionally, executives often need good relationship management skills to create bonds with investors, stakeholders and supervisors.

Tips for improving social skills in the workplace

There are several steps you can take to improve your social skills at work. These include:

  • Ask for feedback. As friends and colleagues what areas you need to improve upon in relation to social skills. Using this feedback, you can set goals to work towards improving these skills.
  • Pick up a personal development book. Read personal development books that focus on improving social skills. There are countless free resources online such as e-books and guides that can provide you with concrete steps to take to build your interpersonal skills.
  • Choose one social skill to focus on improving. Rather than try to improve several social skills at once, pick one to work on and only move on when you’re confident in your ability to effectively use that social skill.

How to demonstrate social skills in interviews

Demonstrating your social skills in an interview can improve the impression you make on potential employers. Here are a few ways to highlight your interpersonal skills in an interview:

  • Listen attentively when the employer speaks and reply with well-thought-out answers.
  • Maintain good eye contact throughout the interview.
  • Be aware of your body language and gestures and ensure they are expressing a positive message.
  • Use the STAR technique (situation, task, action, result) when describing your work experience and how you have overcome obstacles in the workplace.
  • Consider your strengths when working with other people and highlight those in the interview.

How to highlight social skills on your CV

You can highlight social skills on several areas of your CV, including in the skills section and throughout your work history descriptions. When highlighting your social skills in the skills section of your CV, list specific interpersonal skills that are directly related to the job you are applying for. For example, if you’re applying for a customer service position, mention your ability to maintain relationships with clients and solve client problems through effective conflict resolution.

You can also highlight your social skills throughout your work history descriptions. Use specific examples of times your social skills allowed you to excel in the workplace.

Social Skills: Definition, Examples and Why They’re Important

Social skills are an important component in both a personal and a professional capacity. Having strong social skills can help you excel in your career, perform well when interviewing, help you achieve career goals and expand your professional network. There are many specific skills that fall in the social skills category. In this article, we explore what social skills are, why they’re important and examples of some of the most important interpersonal skills you should possess as a professional.

What are social skills?

Social skills are skills that promote effective communication with others. There are various social skills as well as several different ways in which we communicate on a daily basis. Social skills include written, verbal, nonverbal and visual communication used to relay a message to others. Common ways in which you exercise your social skills are:

  • The language you use
  • The tone, pitch and volume of your voice
  • Physical gestures you make
  • Your facial expressions
  • Your body language
  • Eye contact with others when communicating

Working as a team with other employees, keeping your emotions in check in stressful situations and communicating with clients and team members are some of the situations where social skills need to be applied when working in a professional environment.

Why are social skills important for professionals?

Social skills, also referred to as soft skills or interpersonal skills, are important because they enable you to foster and maintain meaningful relationships with employers, colleagues and network contacts. No matter which industry you work in or the experience level you have, social skills are beneficial to and can elevate your professional career.

A few of the many ways that good social skills can benefit your career include that they:

  • Allow you to effectively work as a team on projects
  • Let you share your own perspective in an effective manner
  • Help you expand your professional network and stay updated on new opportunities
  • Make the workplace more enjoyable
  • Let you gain valuable feedback and referrals from those who can attest to your abilities
  • Enable you to successfully communicate with employers, coworkers and clients

A good example of why social skills are important can be seen in the interview process for a new job. During the hiring process, recruiters and human resource personnel concentrate on understanding you as a person based on how you conduct yourself in the interview. They read your cover letter and resume to understand your ambition and achievements. To understand your personality, they study your body language, listen to how you talk about yourself, the language you use and whether you maintain eye contact.

Examples of important social skills in the workplace

The following are a few of the many important social skills you should possess as a professional:

  • Observation
  • Active listening
  • Conflict resolution
  • Empathy
  • Written and verbal communication
  • Mirroring
  • Cooperation
  • Relationship management

Observation

The ability to observe serves you well in a professional setting. Though it comes naturally to some and is closely associated with people who are slightly introverted, anyone can develop this trait by trying to pay attention to what is going on in the lives of people around them, in both educational and professional environments.

Detaching yourself from your surroundings while observing how others behave in given situations can help you understand complex concepts such as group dynamics, group mentality, relationships between others, non-verbal communication and a general understanding of colleagues and their personalities.

Active listening

Active listening is the ability to pay attention to a person when they are communicating with you without interrupting or losing focus. Active listeners are able to pay close attention to others when they speak, as well as show respect for what the other person is saying. You can improve your active listening skills by avoiding distractions while communicating, focusing only on the speaker and demonstrating that you understand what the other person is saying through your body language and by expressing your concern or appreciation.

Conflict resolution

Conflict resolution is your ability to see a problem for what it is and devise a workable solution to solve it. For example, if there is a misunderstanding between two coworkers and they come to you for help, you should focus on the root cause of the issue and then work to solve this problem rather than get involved in the arguing. People with good conflict resolution skills often excel in positions in human resources or in customer service roles.

Empathy

Closely connected to observation skills is the ability to empathise with people and situations. Empathy is the ability to identify and understand how another person is feeling in any given situation. Phrases associated with expressing empathy include: ‘I understand what you are going through’, ‘I am sorry to hear that you feel this way’ or ‘I am sorry that this happened to you’. Expressing empathy requires a conscious effort and careful consideration of others’ feelings. Good empathy skills can result in better relationships in the workplace.

Written and verbal communication

Verbal and written communication are two important components of effective social skills. When you write or verbally communicate, you are expressing yourself to another person. It’s important to use clear language, as well as proper spelling and grammar, when communicating to ensure an effective portrayal of what you want to say.

Mirroring

Mirroring is a very useful skill for those whose jobs involve having to deal with people on a regular basis, such as in sales, healthcare and client relations. Mirroring is the act of copying the body language and emotions of the person you are talking to in order to make them feel comfortable and understood. It can also help build rapport and foster an agreement with the other person. Mirroring is especially useful in sales positions, as it can help both parties reach common ground and a mutual agreement.

Cooperation

Cooperation is another essential social skill in the workplace. It is the ability to work well with others towards a common goal. This social skill is especially important for those who work as part of a team on projects in the workplace.

Relationship management

Relationship management is your ability to foster, grow and maintain relationships. This social skill is especially important in customer service and other positions that require you to work directly with clients. Additionally, executives often need good relationship management skills to create bonds with investors, stakeholders and supervisors.

Tips for improving social skills in the workplace

There are several steps you can take to improve your social skills at work. These include:

  • Ask for feedback. As friends and colleagues what areas you need to improve upon in relation to social skills. Using this feedback, you can set goals to work towards improving these skills.
  • Pick up a personal development book. Read personal development books that focus on improving social skills. There are countless free resources online such as e-books and guides that can provide you with concrete steps to take to build your interpersonal skills.
  • Choose one social skill to focus on improving. Rather than try to improve several social skills at once, pick one to work on and only move on when you’re confident in your ability to effectively use that social skill.

How to demonstrate social skills in interviews

Demonstrating your social skills in an interview can improve the impression you make on potential employers. Here are a few ways to highlight your interpersonal skills in an interview:

  • Listen attentively when the employer speaks and reply with well-thought-out answers.
  • Maintain good eye contact throughout the interview.
  • Be aware of your body language and gestures and ensure they are expressing a positive message.
  • Use the STAR technique (situation, task, action, result) when describing your work experience and how you have overcome obstacles in the workplace.
  • Consider your strengths when working with other people and highlight those in the interview.

How to highlight social skills on your CV

You can highlight social skills on several areas of your CV, including in the skills section and throughout your work history descriptions. When highlighting your social skills in the skills section of your CV, list specific interpersonal skills that are directly related to the job you are applying for. For example, if you’re applying for a customer service position, mention your ability to maintain relationships with clients and solve client problems through effective conflict resolution.

You can also highlight your social skills throughout your work history descriptions. Use specific examples of times your social skills allowed you to excel in the workplace.

This is Why Effective Communication Skills are Important for Managers

It is important for every employee in an organization to have effective communication skills. This is especially so for managers as they have to deal with additional responsibilities or duties in improving employee productivity, teamwork, morale, and performance. If an aspiring or experienced manager wants to remain on the top of his/her game, then it is important to master written communication, verbal, and nonverbal skills.

Remember, any interaction a manager has with an employee can be considered as an opportunity to create a positive impact on both professional and personal front.

Why are effective communication skills for managers so important?

There are several benefits to look forward to for managers having effective communication skills. Among different benefits that managers can look forward to, are as follows:

  1. Giving feedback to employees

It is the responsibility of managers to provide regular feedback to employees based on their behavior and performance. Now, how well a manager communicates will decide on the way employees receive their feedback. In a way, this will directly have an impact on the way employees behave and perform going ahead. If the communication provided by the manager is concise and clear then employees are able to perform better and behave properly in an organizational setup.

However, when the communication skills of managers are insufficient, a lot of confusion and even decrease in productivity at workplaces can be seen. Therefore, whether in a one-on-one or group situation, managers need to communicate well to ensure the team performance is on the right track.

  1. Relationships with other departments

Effective communication skills for managers are also important when the employees are required to deal with other departments in an organization, in one way or the other. More often than not, managers are required to interact with employees belonging to other departments for exchanging ideas and information. When a manager has excellent communication skills it helps build trust across various departments and enable them to work towards achieving a common goal.

  1. Conflict resolution

Managers need to have excellent listening abilities if they were to improve their communication skills. Managers who tend to listen better to their employees gain confidence from them and let them know that their opinions too count. This also helps employees to discuss all their problems freely that have been affecting their performances. When managers have excellent communication skills, they can keep their team morale high and help resolve conflicts in time before they go out of hand.

  1. Managing performances

To improve performance levels of employees, it is important for managers to hone their communication skills. Managers who exercise open and candid communication with their employees actually facilitate a two-way dialogue that is critical in executing performance-based appraisals.

  1. Building teams

Effective communication skills for managers also help build teams. For example, managers can use their communication skills to set rules, define employee roles, encourage employees to take their own decisions, and obtain goals for their teams. That’s not all; excellent communication skills also allow managers to increase morale, productivity, and team unity easily and effectively.

Importance of Learning Human Resource Management Strategies

Studying human resource management helps professionals to effectively assess the relevant candidates based on personal traits and critical skills required for the job. As such, students pursuing a course in human resource management stand a high chance of mastering the key attributes that a hiring manager should possess.

Whether you are a college student pursuing a degree, diploma, or certificate in human resource management, it is essential to learn how a hiring manager should behave during an interview session or when to recruit new employees. In case you want to advance your career to a higher level, it is advantageous to pursue a postgraduate course in human resource management. Apart from that, you should focus on short-term courses, which will help you to learn more about working with people within any kind of workforce environment. As such, you will realize that a successful hiring manager should possess excellent people skills, which help them to communicate effectively with the employees.

Many companies usually appreciate their workers as valuable assets. This is possible if the organization embraces the idea of building effective management of its human resource management department. As such, human resources enables institutions and businesses to create a well-structured team with a distinctive organizational culture. With this, the workforce stands a high chance of getting engaged or developed with whatever activity they are doing. In simple language, effective human resource management helps the organization to enhance productivity.

5 Key Advantages of Studying Human Resource Management

Students pursuing a program in human resource management are likely to become potential hiring managers after they’ve completed their course and passed their exams. To master your studies, you can ask for help with your assignments from UK essays services. Without any further ado, here are some of the advantages of being a human resource management professional.

  • Enhances the workers turnover

When students learn more about human resource management, they will be able to master the techniques to control the high rates of turnover in the company. Senior worker turnover is a risk to the organizations’ bottom line. As such, the company will be required to spend a lot of money trying to recruit the right workforce to work with. To control any future cases of turnover in the company, hiring managers to learn more the right business skills that an employee possesses and if they fit the organizational culture.

  • Conflict resolution

Since people possess different personalities, work ethics, and lifestyles, it is not easy to control them without applying the right management skills. However, with the mastery of proper human resource management skills, you can learn how to deal with the conflict in a more professional manner.

As a student pursuing an HR course, you should ensure that you deal with disputes professionally. Whether the problem arises between the workers and the department or between the employees, you should apply effective conflict resolution strategies to ensure that the conflicting parties come to a mutual agreement.

  • Boost the workers’ performance

In the business world, it is essential to enhance the performance management framework. This is possible if human resource professionals learn how to identify the right candidate who is fit for the job. As such, a human resource student should master the essential expertise or skills to identify in the person to be hired. Getting the right workforce helps to boost the performance of workers in the company.

  • Career development and training

Learning the best human resource strategies helps the company to determine if the workers need the discipline to sharpen their skills, or not. As such, in case the company decides to hire its staff based on qualification, it is advantageous to subject their workers to additional training and requirements.

  • Worker satisfaction

To become a good human resource manager, it is essential to focus on ensuring that the demands of the workers are fulfilled. This is possible if you set up random surveys, interviewing strategies, and focus groups that will enable you to determine if your workers agree with your management or now. So, as a student pursuing a course in human resource management, ensure that you can determine the underlying causes that hinder the workers from being satisfied. Once you’ve identified the factors or causes, address them in a manner that will get the workers motivated in whatever the company is doing for them.

Master the Skills of Becoming a Good Human Resource Manager

In college, human resource students learn more about the development of a strategic technique to recruit, train, and develop the workers, which are the essential asset for an organization. As such, learners should be ready to master the key traits that a good hiring manager should possess.

blog is curated by vikram.

Importance of Time Management for Students

Are you a student facing time management issues? Well, the majority of students today struggle with managing their time effectively leading to a decrease in their productivity levels along with an increase in stress. Time management is an art that not only brings discipline in a student’s life but also optimises their overall growth. Thus, all students must know effective ways of time management. If you are one of those students looking for ways to manage your time, this blog is for you! Here we will discuss the importance of time management for students and also provide tips for the same. Take a look!

THIS BLOG INCLUDES:
  1. What is Time Management?
  2. Time Management Skills
  3. Why Time Management Is Important To Students?
    1. It Increases Your Productivity
    2. It Keeps Your Work Organised
    3. Positive Effect On Health
    4. More Time For Extracurricular Activities
    5. It Helps in Stress Reduction
    6. No Last-minute Cramming of Syllabus
  4. Tips for Time Management for Students
  5. Time Management for Online Students

Must Read Motivational Books for Students

What is Time Management?

Each one of us has 24 hours a day and how we spend it completely depends on us. As the term suggests, time management is organizing your time and making the most of your daily routine. It is the ability to use each hour effectively. Managing time not only makes us complete our work but also give us ample time for ourselves. People can work smarter when they learn to manage their time effectively. However, each human is wired uniquely different. Hence, it is important to know that each one of our schedules might depend on several intrinsic factors and can be influenced by multiple external factors.

“The bad news is time flies. The good news is you’re the pilot”- Michael Altshuler

Time Management Skills

Source: Giphy

While some people find it difficult to manage their time, others manage their time better because they have certain skills. Time management requires habituating oneself to a disciplined schedule. Here are a few time management skills you can inculcate in your daily routine. 

  • Find your most effective and productive hour of the day.
  • Make realistic plans.
  • Own your work.
  • Don’t bite more than you can chew.
  • Plan ahead.
  • Be flexible.

“Once you have mastered time, you will understand how true it is that most people overestimate what they can accomplish in a year – and underestimate what they can achieve in a decade!” — Tony Robbins

Why Time Management Is Important To Students?

Youtube: Wairikoo

Time management for students is of utmost importance to balance their studies with other daily essential tasks. Good time management reflects on your health and also adds to your energy to achieve more. Here are a few reasons why time management should be of utmost importance for all students.

It Increases Your Productivity

If you manage your time effectively, it adds to your productivity levels. Assigning a fixed time for all the tasks to be done in a day lets you plan your day in advance and enables you to do more tasks in less time. But you should remember that this will only be effective if you do your work on time, procrastination will definitely have a negative effect on your productivity. 

Here is a list of Top 10 Podcasts for Students

It Keeps Your Work Organised

Source: Giphy

The best way of time management for students is to create and follow a fixed timetable for each day. This is beneficial for students since they will have a clear idea of the different tasks to be done each day, and they could also easily mark the tasks as done after completing them. This will make your daily tasks organised and you can even choose to do the more important ones first by putting them at the top of the things-to-do list.

Positive Effect On Health

Good time management efforts also reflect on your health. When you manage your time effectively, you don’t have to stay up late to finish your tasks. Cutting down on your sleep time will lead to tiredness, which will hamper your schedule for the day. Getting a good night’s sleep is essential for your brain and body to recharge itself, and this reflects positively on your health and energy levels. 

Must Read: Learning Skills For Students

More Time For Extracurricular Activities

When you have a fixed schedule for all your tasks for the day, you get an idea of the extra time you will have left after completing all your tasks. You can schedule your tasks in a way so that you get more time to do what you love. This can include hobbies like drawing, painting, singing, dancing, photography etc, or you can even go cycling or jogging to get some fresh air to refresh yourself. 

“Either run the day or the day runs you.” – Jim Rohn

It Helps in Stress Reduction

Not completing your studies, assignments and projects can cause you to be stressed out. Taking care of our mental health is very important for everyone, and since students often get increased stress and anxiety levels due to the pressure of studies, it reflects on their poor performance. Effective time management can help you in lessening this mental pressure, which will also boost your confidence and energy levels.English Speaking Topics for StudentsBest Novels for Students

No Last-minute Cramming of Syllabus

One problem that students often face is not completing their syllabus on time. This leads to them cramming up all the chapters just before the exams, which undoubtedly makes them get lower scores than they expected. With proper techniques of time management for students, they can not only complete studying the chapters in their syllabus on time, but also have some extra time left for their revisions.

“To do two things at once is to do neither.”- Publius Syrus

Tips for Time Management for Students

Youtube: Aluc.com

Now that you know the importance of time management for students, you should start on working on managing your time better. If you are clueless about how you should start with this, worry no more! Here are some tips on time management for students that you will find useful:

  • Create a daily timetable or schedule with all the tasks to be done
  • Start your day early
  • Divide your tasks 
  • Take short breaks between studies or doing your tasks
  • Do not procrastinate
  • Work on one task at a time instead of multitasking
  • Get enough sleep
  • Do your tasks with full focus
  • Practice healthy eating
  • Try to keep away all distractions (like TV, mobile) when you study 

Benefits of online learning for students

Time Management for Online Students

Since students have been constricted to their homes, keeping track of studies, assignments and homework has become difficult. With regular classrooms, students had a specific place and a set time for their school/college hours. Online classes have considerably decreased the focus of students and made them lag behind. Here are a few tips that can help students manage their time for online studies. 

  • Create a Well-designed Plan: Schedule your day according to to your other chores and task.
  • Set-up a Virtual Classroom: Choose any corner of the house and make it your dedicated classroom. 
  • Make a to-do list: Making a to-do list of all your assignments, studies, and chapters will help you know which are to be completed on a priority bases. 
  • Add Minimum Time to do Each Task: Adding a minimum amount can help you allot time for each task throuighout the day. This will also help you know how much time you take for differentr assignments.
  • Reduce Distractions: While studying, Dedicate this time to your studies only. Make sure you avoid being distracted by social media or family. 
  • Reward yourself: Tale breaks and reward yourself at frequent intervals. This will help your mind stay focussed and also increase productivity.

Hope you found this blog on the importance of time management for students useful. Follow the tips mentioned here to manage your time better and achieve your desired results. If you are looking for higher education opportunities abroad, our experts at Leverage Edu can provide you with the best guidance regarding the top courses you can apply for. Sign up for a free session today

The Importance of Management Principles for an Organisation

The Importance of Management Principles for an Organisation!

Proper understanding of management principles is very necessary and helpful for managers as these principles act as guidelines for managerial activities. By practising principles managers can avoid various mistakes while dealing with people in the organisation.

Image Courtesy : kirtland.edu/wp-content/uploads/academic-programs/small-business-management-and-entrepreneurship-certificate/kirtland-small-business-management-and-entrepreneurship-degrees.jpg

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The significance of management principles is due to following reasons:

(1) Providing managers with useful insight into reality:

Management principles act as guidelines for the managers. These principles improve knowledge, ability and understanding of managers under various managerial situations. The effects of these principles help the managers to learn from their mistakes. These principles guide managers to take right decision at the right time.

(2) Optimum utilisation of resources:

The management principles insist on planned activities and systematic organisation of men and materials in the organisation. Principles are designed to get maximum benefits from the human efforts and other resources.

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For example, scientific principles suggest to cut down the wasteful movements and setting up of standard time to complete a task. By saving time, energy and efforts activities can be made economical and result in maximum utilisation of resources.

(3) Scientific decisions:

Managers have to take number of decisions every day. So they need to assess the resources of organisations very carefully so that the appropriate decision can be taken by using the available resources in best possible manner. The management principles enable the managers to approach various problems systematically and scientifically.

For example, Taylor’s principles always insisted on replacement of rule of thumb by scientific approach i.e., he suggested to conduct the time study to set up the standard time required to perform a job rather than leaving it at the discretion or will of manager.

(4) Meeting changing environment requirement:

Every businessman has to make changes in the organisation according to changes taking place in the business environment. Management principles train the managers in implementing the changes in right direction and at right level in the organisation. Although management principles are relative and general guidelines yet by modifying these principles changes can be made in the organisation.

(5) Effective administration:

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Administration is the function of top level management. In this function major plans and policies are formed. The management principles act as guidelines and base to form various administrative policies to have systematic working in the organisation. Management principles make administration more effective by discouraging personal prejudices and biases. These principles insist on objectivity and scientific decisions.

For example, principle of unity of command, scalar chain, and unity of direction leads to systematic and smooth functioning of the organisation as unity of command avoids confusion of more bosses. Unity of direction unifies the efforts of all the employees in common direction and scalar chain results in systematic flow of information. So all these principles definitely bring effective and efficient administration.

(6) Fulfilling Social responsibilities:

A business is creation of society and makes use of resources of society so it must do something for society also by performing some social responsibilities. Management principles not only act as guidelines for achieving organisational objectives but these principles also guide the managers to perform social responsibilities.

For example, the principle of fair remuneration insists on adequate salary to employees and takes care of interest of employees also.

(7) Management Training, Education and Research:

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The management principles stress on scientific judgements and logical thinking. As a result these principles act as base of doing research and development in management studies. As these principles provide organised body of knowledge to perform research work and generate more and more knowledge, they have provided new ideas, imagination and base for research and development.

Principles of management are at the core of management theories. These act as base for management training and education. Professional courses such as BBA, MBA also teach these principles as part of their curriculum. The entire management institute takes aptitude test and these tests are based on management principles only.

The Student’s Guide to Managing Stress in College

Stress is just one of the many hurdles college students face. Short-term stress can help learners raise a grade, polish an essay, or pursue a coveted career opportunity. But long-term stress, if left unaddressed, can have detrimental side effects.

According to the American Institute of Stress, 4 in 5 college students experience frequent stress. Unchecked stress can lead to physical side effects like trouble concentrating, irritability, a lack of energy, appetite changes, a weakened immune system, and trouble sleeping.

In addition to the negative side effects stress brings, more college students than ever report feeling it for extended periods. Although the majority of this stress often stems from coursework, other factors, such as family, friends, and work, can increase stress and contribute to undesirable academic and personal outcomes.

To address this issue, many colleges provide ample resources and opportunities for students to deal with stress positively. Keep reading to learn more about the different types of stress and solutions for managing it.

What Is Stress and How Does It Affect College Students?

Stress is a physical reaction to a person’s emotions. Both positive events (e.g., an upcoming wedding) and negative events (e.g., the loss of a loved one) can cause stress.

When you feel an emotion that triggers stress, your adrenal gland releases epinephrine — the hormone responsible for the flight-or-fight response — and then cortisol. In dangerous situations, this response can save your life. Too much cortisol, however, can have a long-term, negative impact on your metabolic rate, memory formation, and blood sugar regulation.

Stress can take one of three forms:

  • Acute Stress: The most common form of stress, acute stress is the result of day-to-day stressors, such as waking up late, running to class, or receiving a bad grade. Fortunately, most acute stress fades quickly and has little mental or physical impact.
  • Episodic Acute Stress: As its name suggests, episodic acute stress develops when a student experiences acute stress multiple times over an extended period. Common symptoms include migraines and tension headaches.
  • Chronic Acute Stress: Chronic acute stress happens when someone can’t avoid a long-term stressful situation. For example, students struggling academically in a major course may develop chronic acute stress, which can lead to weight gain, sleep deprivation, and anxiety.

What Are the Symptoms of Stress in College Students?

When people are exposed to stressors or stimuli that provoke stress, they experience an array of physical, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive reactions. As such, two students might experience stress in very different ways.

Below are some of the various ways stress can manifest in people.

Physical Symptoms

  • Sweating
  • Increased heart rate or blood pressure
  • Vertigo
  • Shortness of breath
  • Muscle tension
  • Headaches and stomachaches
  • Fatigue

Emotional Symptoms

  • Hostility, irritability, and other mood changes
  • Increased worrying
  • Helplessness
  • Loneliness

Behavioral Symptoms

  • Binge or reduced eating
  • Drug or alcohol misuse
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Erratic sleep habits

Cognitive Symptoms

  • Memory loss
  • Loss of concentration
  • Negative outlook
  • Dissociation (i.e., disconnection from your thoughts, feelings, and identity)

What Are the Causes of Stress in College Students?

College students respond to stressors in different ways, but some situations are almost always stressful. Here are some of the most common stressors for students.

Finances

Many students work while in school to afford high tuition and housing costs. Unfortunately, part-time jobs typically pay just minimum wage. If you’re struggling economically, speak to your financial aid office to see whether you qualify for grants, loans, or work-study.

Homesickness and New Levels of Independence

On top of classes, exams, and meeting people, many students have to deal with growing up. Out-of-state students may be living away from their homes for the first time in their lives, which can easily become a source of constant stress.

Living Among Strangers

Students new to campus life often feel isolated, especially if they’re in an unfamiliar city or state. Some students are naturally shy and may find it difficult to make friends.

Cohabitating With Roommates

Many students may not be accustomed to sharing a room with someone else, especially if their roommate is someone they hardly know. This situation can compound the normal stress of college life.

Coursework and Exams

Students often feel overwhelmed by the increased workload associated with college-level coursework. This realization can blindside students and contribute to stress and anxiety. In many classes, exams make up a large percentage of students’ grades, causing midterms and finals to be more stressful than normal.

Family Turmoil or Loss Back Home

2014 NPR study found that the death of a loved one is the second-highest cause of stress amongst U.S. adults. A death in the family can be extremely traumatic for college students, especially if they live away from home and can’t afford to take a break from classes.

Work Schedules

According to a 2013 survey by Citibank and Seventeen Magazine, 4 in 5 students work while attending college. The average student works 19 hours a week. Many learners try to find a job that can accommodate the scheduling concerns associated with full-time education.

Social Obligations

In addition to academic pressures, college introduces plenty of social pressures, such as the idea that you must make tons of friends and party every weekend. Peer pressure and societal expectations can exacerbate stress, especially for first-year students.

Romantic Relationships

Romantic relationships take work. When you and your partner face the stresses of college life, the pressure can feel even greater. Additionally, many students may be in the process of questioning their sexuality and/or gender identity, which can impact dating and relationships.

Can College Stress Lead to Other Health Conditions?

Research shows that stress can lead to the development of many mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety, and substance misuse. It can also introduce physical conditions like chronic pain.

  • DepressionDepression is a complex mental health condition often caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors. Floods of stress hormones can make people, including busy college students, more susceptible to depression.
  • AnxietySevere anxiety can signal an anxiety disorder. This condition, which is especially common among college students, is characterized by physical symptoms, such as muscle tension and shaking, as well as by racing thoughts, feelings of impending doom, fear, excess worry, and irritability.
  • Sleep DisordersSleep disturbances and anxiety often come hand in hand. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, sleep problems can cause or exacerbate anxiety, and vice versa.
  • Substance MisuseSome students turn to alcohol or drugs to help manage their stress; however, these dangerous coping mechanisms can lead to substance misuse. A 2018 study by the National Institute on Drug Abuse found that 28% of college students had engaged in binge drinking in the two weeks before the survey was conducted.
  • Chronic Muscle PainFor some students, stress can lead to ongoing physical conditions such as chronic neck aches, backaches, stomach aches, and headaches. The National Institutes of Health recommends practicing yoga and meditation to relax your body and release muscular tension.

How to Manage Stress in College: 7 Key Tips

Figuring out what situations might cause stress is only half the battle for college students. Fortunately, there are several tricks you can use to help you avoid getting stressed out, reduce how much stress you feel, and improve your ability to cope with and ultimately eliminate stress.

1. Get Enough Sleep

Getting both quality sleep and enough sleep offers a variety of health benefits, including reducing stress and improving your mood. What’s more, students who sleep well are less likely to get sick, have better memory recall, and enjoy a clearer mind.

2. Eat Well

Make an effort to eat nutritious meals and avoid eating on the run so you can avoid indigestion. You may also look for foods that are known to combat stress and boost your mood.

3. Exercise Regularly

In addition to keeping your body healthy, regular exercise releases endorphins and improves your overall cognitive abilities. Exercise can even help you fall asleep, thereby reducing stress. Keep in mind that exercise doesn’t need to be strenuous — yoga, short walks, and stretching can all lead to immense mental health benefits and help relieve tension.

4. Don’t Rely on Stimulants

Drinking coffee and energy drinks to fuel your late-night study sessions will inevitably lead to a crash later on. These stimulants boost cortisol levels in the body, increasing the physical effects of stress.

5. Set Realistic Expectations

Consistently having too much on your plate can lead to a lot of stress. Try to manage your workload by setting realistic expectations and picking a class schedule that gives you plenty of time to study and relax.

Communication with professors is key — if you’re swamped with work, you might be able to get an extension on an assignment by simply asking and explaining your situation.

6. Avoid Procrastinating

Procrastination might feel good in the moment, but it often leads to stress. By managing your time wisely, you can avoid spending all night catching up on coursework. Additionally, habitual procrastination may be a sign of ADHD or anxiety.

7. Identify a Stress Outlet

Stress can never be completely avoided; however, finding a healthy way to reduce stress can go a long way toward keeping it from overwhelming you. Common stress outlets include exercise, spending time with friends and family, and getting massages.

You can also try relaxation techniques such as deep abdominal breathing, concentrating on a soothing word (like “peace” or “calm”), doing yoga or tai chi, and visualizing tranquil scenes.

Where Can Students Go for Help With Managing Stress?

Stress can rise to dangerous levels, threatening students’ physical, emotional, and mental health. But nobody has to face stress alone. Here are some organizations and resources you can contact to receive treatment and support for managing stress in college.

On-Campus Mental Health Services

Most colleges offer on-campus (and sometimes virtual) mental health services to students. You can usually find out more about a school’s services by going online to its official website.

If you need immediate assistance, contact your school’s student services. This department can direct you to appropriate resources, such as mental health clinics, online screening, and individual or group counseling. Taking advantage of these services can improve your mental health, allowing you to thrive academically and socially.

Off-Campus Centers and Hotlines

Schools that can’t provide appropriate stress management resources will direct students to use an outside service, such as a local counseling or therapy center.

Other external resources include 24/7 hotlines. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 gives students space to talk with trained professionals about suicide ideation and conditions such as severe stress, depression, and anxiety.

Similarly, The Trevor Project offers many support services, including a 24/7 crisis counseling center and hotline, for LGBTQ+ students experiencing stress and other mental health challenges. For help, text START to 678678.

Once these professionals identify the underlying issue, they connect students with a long-term solution, such as a psychiatrist or substance misuse prevention group.

6 Simple Tips for Effective Team Management

Leading a team can be inspiring, rewarding and exhausting. Busy working environments can leave little time for team leaders to check-in with team members and ensure they’re feeling happy, creative and on track. But with these 6 simple and effective team management tips, there’s an alternative.

6 steps for effective team management

How to Achieve Effective Team Management

With good communication channels and plenty of opportunities to give feedback, you can provide your team with a strong support system. With this, team leaders can develop accountability, trust, and a less hierarchical approach.

Here are our six tips for achieving a happier and more productive team via some supportive workflows:

1. Be transparent

Transparent working environments have been found to make teams more accountable, happy and creative.

It sounds like a big claim but transparent environments help to develop a feeling of mutual respect between team members and team leaders. Via open and consistent communication, transparent and authentic workplaces help employees to feel secure in their positions. In turn, team members feel freer to contribute ideas and suggestions, enhancing creativity.

Marc de Grandpre, senior VP of Marketing at KIND Healthy Snacks, believes that transparency in the workplace is hugely important. Marc explains how they use transparency for effective team management at their company:

“How can your company learn, grow and succeed if people are afraid to be themselves, voice their opinions and genuinely show that they care about the brand and team? Having the company become a sort of safe space allows for brilliant ideas to flow and for problems in your company to be flagged and addressed head-on.”

Marc and his team aim to make all employees feel in the loop, respected and valued. Consequently, they found that each team member felt happier in their job, while also more creative and loyal.

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Using transparent tools

James Hannam, team management consultant, agrees that transparency is a cornerstone to high-functioning teams. James explains that on his projects, teams use MeisterTask to achieve effective team and project management. They do this by providing team members with an overview of projects and responsibilities, via their shared Project Boards:

“If all of your team members can have a high-level of visibility over the project, while also understanding the part they are playing at any given time, you will foster a sense of responsibility, creating accountability among team members.”

Each task within each Project is assigned to a specific team member, making everyone’s responsibilities clear. This also enables team members to understand the role they’re playing within the bigger picture. With all tasks and responsibilities displayed transparently, team leaders can take a less hands-on approach, knowing each task will be seen through by the assigned person.

effective team management with meistertask

2. Keep communicating

You must have heard this one before: the basis of a cooperative and productive team is good communication.

The aim is to create an environment in which team leaders feel able to provide honest and constructive feedback, and team members feel confident to voice concerns and communicate with one another.

For teams with members working remotely, Google Hangouts can provide an ideal way to ensure some face-to-face time is achieved.

effective team management with google hangouts

If your distributed team is working across time zones and you’d like to set up a standing appointment for calls, it’s important to find a time which works for everyone involved. By not always holding calls at inconvenient times for the remote team member, they’ll be more open (and awake) to honestly and accurately communicate with you.

Try a chat channel, like Slack

Another great communication tool is Slack. Lots of companies are already using Slack, as regardless of whether your team is working remotely or all in one office, it’s a great way to cut down on emails and build a positive and friendly working culture.

slack screenshot effective team management meistertask

At MeisterLabs we have a ‘stand up’ Slack channel, where everyone begins their day by sharing what they’ll be working on. This helps to prevent siphoning between teams and gives managers a good idea about what everyone’s focus for will be. It also allows team members to jump in and offer support when useful.

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3. Provide valuable feedback

Providing feedback to team members is one of the best ways you can support them to develop professionally and personally.

Jean-François Manzoni, Professor of Leadership and Organizational Development at IMD International, explains:

“You do your star a disservice if you fail to help her figure out how she can continue to grow”

Even if you have no negative feedback to give, make sure to hold regular opportunities to check-in. This way, you can provide advice on how you feel your team members are progressing and could grow further. If there are any areas of work that you feel could be improved, these discussions also provide a good opportunity to share your constructive feedback.

employee feedback team management simple meistertask mindmeister

Feedback can be difficult but it is an essential part of effective team management. When summarizing her advice on how to give effective feedback, Belle Beth Cooper said:

“If you’re finding a conversation difficult or nerve-wracking, remember that your aim in providing feedback is to help your team members succeed and grow.”

So although feedback conversations can be difficult, especially in non-hierarchical organizations, they’re important and necessary for the development of team members and the success of your wider team.

4. Encourage collaboration

Inevitably, your team members will be happier if they can get along well with one another. As an added bonus, they’ll perform better too.

To achieve this, encourage your team members to collaborate. On your team, there will likely be a whole bunch of diverse skills. Make sure these different skillsets are utilized by ensuring everyone is aware of ongoing projects. That way, team members can jump in to collaborate wherever they feel they can bring value.

On our marketing team, for example, I’ll often draw on support from the SEO specialist while creating the content strategy. Equally, if I know the SEO specialist is coming up with text for a PPC campaign, I’ll offer to help. A collaborative task management tool can help this process by sharing the upcoming tasks for each team member with the rest of your team.

Use Google Drive

Collaboration has been found to increase creativity, so tools like Google Drive, which allow for real-time updates on shared documents as you work, are ideal.

In our marketing team, we use the Google Docs upload feature within MeisterTask to share documents via the relevant task. This means that we’re always working on the most up-to-date version of the document, as other team members are able to edit it in real-time. We then use the commenting feature on each task to leave relevant feedback, questions or updates on how the task is developing.

effective team management adding attachment to a MeisterTask task

Try mapping out your ideas

For a less linear take on collaborative working, try using a collaborative online mind map. With MindMeister, multiple users are able to access mind maps at the same time, meaning team members can add their ideas, provide feedback or vote up or down on ideas. This can all be done in real-time, whether brainstorming in a meeting together, or working entirely remotely.

Generating ideas collaboratively while mind mapping has been found to boost creative thinking, as it integrates both the linear, convergent (left-brain) thinking with divergent, non-linear (right-brain) thinking. This engages the whole mind in processing and creating new information, using our visual, spatial and kinesthetic senses to come up with new ideas, increasing our creativity.

5. Trust your team to do their job

When I asked Michael Hollauf, MeisterLabs’ CEO, what his advice would be to other team leaders, he said it would be to always recognize when to delegate tasks.

Companies hire competent staff for a reason and effective team management shouldn’t mean micro-management. If you’ve hired staff for a specialist area like programming, you need to know when to just leave them to do their job.

Delegate tasks while staying in the loop

Sometimes it can be hard to let go. Especially if you’ve been working on a project for a while but need a team member to take it over. With MeisterTask, try using the Watching feature, where you can add yourself as a ‘watcher’. Becoming a ‘watcher’ allows you to remain in the loop with how the task is progressing and any related discussions.

effective team management assigning-tasks-image

Michael Kranner, MeisterLabs’ Growth Marketer, explains how this function helps him to run the Growth team here at MeisterLabs efficiently:

“at every stage, the experiment task is assigned to one specific personOther team members can “watch” the task’s progression, keeping everyone in the loop with how the experiment is developing… As experiments develop we move the tasks between the sections. All team members “watching” the experiment are notified about the move.

By allowing “watchers” to keep an eye on progression, the feature allows team leaders to entrust team members to get on with their tasks or projects alone while feeling able to jump in to query or help where useful.

Retain an overview of team and project progress

In MeisterTask, team members can gain a clear overview of team and task progression via the Statistics & Reports area. Featuring graphs on task creation and completion, team productivity can be viewed transparently and reports can be downloaded as CSV files if needed.

MeisterTask's Statistics and Reports area team management

Teams can also choose to time-track their tasks to gain even further insight into how long projects are taking.

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6. Prevent team burn-out

As a team leader, you’re in a great position to set positive boundaries of work, play, and relaxation. In her article on managing work notifications, Belle Beth Cooper argues that it is the responsibility of employers to set the precedent about when and where team members should be switching off from work entirely. This could mean, for example, by not expecting team members to check emails after working hours.

Of course, this can be difficult. Particularly in teams where members work flexibly and might prefer to start early or work late, to save time elsewhere. However, encouraging team members to set themselves some working limits, to sleep well and avoid burn-out, is important.

effective team management meistertask notifications

With MeisterTask and Slack, our main communication channels at MeisterLabs, you can choose which notifications to receive. For example, I’ll only receive a push Slack notification on my laptop if I’ve been mentioned or been sent a direct message. Similarly, as Belle Beth Cooper suggests, team members can try setting their phones to do not disturb mode when finishing for the night, so they’re able to switch off, relax and rejuvenate.

Blog is curated by Vikram Kakri.

Blog Link: https://www.meistertask.com/blog/6-simple-tips-effective-team-management/